European beech is a major European tree species, as it is one of the five most abundant tree species in European temperate forests. It covers about 14 million ha of forested land, spreading from the Atlantic coast to the continentally influenced regions in Eastern Europe, and from Mediterranean to Scandinavian countries. Beech is a long-lived species that matures at 40 to 60 years. Catalonia is one of the southernmost regions of its biogeographical distribution in Europe.
Distribution and origin of the sample
Populations distributed across a transect from Atlantic forests in Val d’Aran, continental populations in the Pyrenean and Pre-Pyrenean range, and Mediterranean populations.
Josep Peñuelas. Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF).
Oriol Grau. Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF).
Ivan Scotti. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA).